Middle back pain treatment modalities might focus on the spine or the muscular structures, depending on the diagnosed cause of discomfort. Check out our top recommendations for treating middle back pain safely and effectively and feel better faster.
A spinal cyst is a common finding on MRI reports and some cysts may even be palpable through the skin. Learn about the different types of cysts which may form on or near the spine and their potential to cause back or neck pain problems.
Naturally fused vertebrae come in 2 main categories of classification, congenital and developed varieties. Learn all about the occurrence of organic spinal fusion and its effects on the structure and operation of the spinal column.
A transitional vertebra is an extra section of spinal bone that does not normally present in a typical anatomy. These extra vertebrae usually occur at the lumbosacral juncture, but can rarely also occur at the cervicothoracic frontier.
The coccyx is the last section of the spinal column, after the sacrum. This region is often the site of tailbone pain, called coccydynia, that can become a chronic health issue that prevents comfortable sitting and other common activities.
The sacrum is a structure composed of several naturally fused vertebral bones which exist between the lumbar and coccygeal regions of the spinal column. The sacral spine plays an important role in the lower body, including bonding the pelvis to the spine at the SI joints.
The lumbosacral spine is the anatomical region at the frontier between the lumbar area and the sacrum. The lumbosacral juncture is an area of particular trouble for many back pain sufferers, often involving persistent symptomology.
The lumbar spine is also called the lower back and is known as the most common location for back pain to exist. What is it about the lumbar region that disposes it towards chronic pain in so many people?
The thoracolumbar spine is the frontier between the middle back and the lower back. Although not generally a problematic location, it can suffer injury or degeneration in some patients, leading to chronic pain and possible functional disability.
The thoracic spine is also called the upper back or middle back region. The thoracic zone is the longest and most durable spinal region, known for providing support and protection more than imparting flexibility.
The cervical spine is the uppermost region of the vertebral column, also called the neck. Learn all about the anatomy of the cervical region, including its components and functionality as part of the human backbone.
Back muscles are almost always working, providing humans with the ability to stand upright and do virtually all the physical tasks that we are capable of performing. Learn about the incredibly intricate and powerful muscular anatomy of the human back.
An annular tear describes a hole in the outer intervertebral tissue wall, possibly facilitating the expulsion of nucleus pulposus material from the disc. Annular tears can develop dramatically and spontaneously or slowly over time.
The nucleus pulposus is the soft interior of an intervertebral disc. Learn all about the anatomy of a spinal disc and the important role played by the nucleus of every intervertebral disc tissue.
The annulus fibrosus is the multilayered, tough and fibrous outer wall of an intervertebral disc. Learn all about spinal disc anatomy and the important role played by the outer disc wall, as well as what types of pain can be created when this structure fails.
Intervertebral discs are the cushiony spacers in between the spinal vertebral bones. Spinal discs are the main culprit for chronic back pain. Learn all about spinal discs and their crucial role in the greater vertebral column anatomy.
A Schmorl's node is a vertebral abnormality in which part of a spinal disc infiltrates past the endplate and into the actual body of the bone. These structural irregularities are sometimes blamed for causing pain, but are mostly considered incidental findings in patients.
Neural foramen are the spaces through which the spinal nerve roots pass out of the spinal canal. These are also commonly called neuroforamen, foraminal openings or foraminal spaces.
Ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament can create spinal stenosis and spinal cord injury. Learn all about OPLL, including the causes, symptoms and treatments for this potentially serious and occasionally pathological condition.
Ligamentum flavum thickening describes a hypertrophic condition of the yellow ligament in the spinal column. Learn how ligamentum flava hypertrophy may cause back pain, spinal stenosis or even vertebral instability.